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Dassius, urn-sarcophagus, reliquary, Durostorum-Dorostol, early Christian history. Cuvinte cheie: Sf. Dassius, sarcofag-urnă, relicvariu, Durostorum-Dorostol, creștinism timpuriu.
Abstract: The martyr history of St. Dassius dating zaharia Durostorum respectively of his relics is in attention of leading Mpwhnet dating scientists for more than a century. In several articles and monographs in recent years prof. Atanasov updated the theme of St. Dassius of Durostorum. New reading of history discussed in this article is dating zaharia on a remarkable monument.
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This is the sarcophagus of St. They are mainly from Asia Minor, but the closest analogies are outlined in Aphrodisian group - dating from the 2nd c. AD to the late antiquity, but certainly the 3 rd-4 th century is the peak of this fashion. Therefore, seeing this wonderful performance, we have to assume that it is made dating zaharia Durostorum following an Asia Minor prototype, or imported from Asia Minor in a Durostorum stonemason atelier.
The other idea of this article is to restore this historic picture of the relics of St. Dassius and the fate of the sarcophagus, in which they were stored.
Мысли его были. Он ждал, когда зазвонит прямой телефон, но звонка все не .
After his execution on November 20ththe body of St. Dassius seems to have been placed in a sarcophagus and buried by Christians in Durostorum. Given the new policy of the early Christian church dating zaharia the end of the 4th — beginning of 5th c. AD bishops launch the initiative to put the relics of saints — in confessio under the altar table.
Due to Avar invasions at the end of the 6th century AD, the urn-sarcophagus dating zaharia St. Dassisus may have been transferred to Constantinople. Most scientists, who are touching the subject, adopted that the reliquary of St. Dassius was transported from Dorostol directly to the Italian city of Ancona.
Atanasov already rejected that possibility, at least, because at the end of the 6th century AD the Greek language was not well known in Central Dating zaharia Ancona is not far from the capital Rome where the Latin language completely dominated.
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Most likely the urn-sarcophagus with the relics of St. Dassius were transported to Ancona at the beginning of the 13th c. AD, after mass looting of Constantinople by the fourth Crusade April 13th, Rezumat: Istoria martiriului Sf. Dassius din Durostorum, respectiv a moaştelor sale, se află în atenţia marilor cercetători europeni de mai bine de un secol. În ultimii ani, prof. Atanasov a actualizat, în mai multe articole şi monografii, problematica Sf.
Dassius din Durostorum. Noua dating zaharia istorică, abordată în acest articol, se bazează pe un monument remarcabil. Este vorba de sarcofagul Sf. Ele provin, în mare parte, din Asia Mică, dar analogiile cele mai apropiate sunt evidenţiate de grupul aphrodisian - datând din secolul al II-lea p.
Aşadar, privind această deosebită realizare artistică, presupunem că a fost realizată în Durostorum, după un prototip al monumentelor Asiei Mici, sau importată din Asia Mică de un atelier sculptural din Dating zaharia.
Totodată articolul îşi propune să refacă istoria dating zaharia Sf. Dassius şi soarta sarcofagului în care au fost păstrate. După martiriul său din 20 noiembriese pare că trupul Sf.
Dassius a fost depus într-un sarcofag de către creştinii din Durostorum. După triumful creştinătăţii, aşa cum s-a întâmplat în multe locuri, a fost ridicat un martirium deasupra mormântului Sf.
Având în vedere noua politică a dating zaharia creştine de la sfârşitul secolului IV — începutul secolului V p. Chr, episcopii au luat iniţiativa de a pune moaştele sfinţilor — în confessio sub masa altarului. În urma invaziilor avare de la sfârşitul secolului al VI-lea p. Dassius dating zaharia pare că a fost transferată la Constantinopol.
Majoritatea cercetătorilor care tratează această temă adoptă ipoteza conform căreia racla Sf. Dassius a fost transportată de la Dorostol direct către oraşul italian Ancona.
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Atanasov a respins deja dating zaharia posibilitate, măcar din cauza dating zaharia că, la sfârşitul secolului al VI-lea, limba greacă nu era bine cunoscută în Italia Centrală Dating zaharia nu se află departe de capitala Romaunde limba latină domina total. Cel mai probabil, urna-sarcofag cu moaştele Sf.
The martyrdom history of St. The many dozens of articles in encyclopedic dictionaries of Christian history and archeology must be added to this2. Pillinger published a monograph summarizing the achievements of several generations of historians, theologians and archaeologists, which represented a new beginning 3. I tried to dating zaharia the theme for the life of St. Dassius in several articles and monographs in recent years to which there is something to add, and this article is just another attempt in this direction 4.
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Indeed there are many written sources for the legendary life-story and martyrdom of St. In conclusion, we point out a remarkable monument, which undoubtedly is the inscription on St. There is a discussion whether the story is real, but the above discussed urn-sarcophagus of St. Dassius, with accompanying inscription held today at the museum Diotseziano, near Ancona cathedral, is indirect evidence of its truth. This unique monument is made from pale yellow marble, with four Corinthian columns and capitals, placed dating zaharia the corners and with the crosses on the two long sides.
The cover is of another type gray marble.
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Its form is roof-like constructed, divided on two gables and four corner acroteria. On the front side of the roof, over the tiles, three Latin crosses are sculptured, and between them a very clear Greek text is engraved that researchers unanimously read: 1 CUMONTp. Menologium Graecorum Basilii Porphyrogenitip. The attempts to see this original monument from Late Antiquity 4th—6th century as a later forgery of the fifteenth century dating zaharia been refuted a long time ago.
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AD or earlier. We have to pay special attention to the decoration of the bed of the sarcophagus and in particular to the only decorative element — spiral fluted columns tordierte Saeule — ger.
From Roman times dating zaharia two examples are known to us — from Ulpia Oescus and Marcianopolis. They are result of working with import stone materials — for example; in Marcianopolis it is sure the kind of Proconnesian marble. Therefore, research on the production of dating zaharia fluted columns in Roman Thrace is a complicated problem. There are, however, two early Byzantine details, which at first glance dating zaharia be given as analogies for St.
There are two columns of altar tables, one probably from Ulpia Ratiaria, stored in Vidin Museum and another, from Vratsa Museum, probably from Lyutibrod region.
A number of them are stored in a variety of collections from around the world Therefore, seeing this wonderful performance, we must assume that it is made in Durostorum, following the Asia Minor prototype, or it is imported from Asia Minor to Durostorum from an Asia Minor stone-workshop.
Probably, our example imitates precisely the Aphrodisian group sarcophagi or those monuments of Pamphylia — from Perge, for example Fig. Many architectonically made sarcophagi were found in the Imperial capital Rome and in Italy, but most of them are probably works of Anatolian masters.
These are urns-sarcophagi and sarcophagi with beds designed architectonically with spiral fluted Corinthian columns and covers, made with acroteria on the legea statului oklahoma privind dating un minor, adorned with palmettos without bandage on the lower ends of leaves or additional floral motifs.
The other two examples are from Copenhagen Fig. Regarding the stylistic features and the carving of the bed, we have good reason to date it within the dating zaharia Roman era: 3 rd — 4th c. Moreover, the crosses on the sides of the bed look like they are inscribed later and this could be tendințe online de dating prin cursa result of reuse of the marble bed in the Early Christian era. Dating zaharia about the analysis of the cover of the urn-sarcophagus it dating manual obvious that it is a later construction, after the original coverage has been damaged or broken apart.
We have noted above that it was carved from a different type of marble, because the sculptor did not have Proconnesian or other high quality marble. According to the inscription and crosses, it can be dated within the 4th c.
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The crosses over the cover are in relief and they are undoubtedly carved with the whole construction of the eaves. But it is important to mention that an architectural decorative pattern copied from a very early Roman era, which, unlike the bed, this time is unmistakable as chronology and production area.
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The acroteria, decorated with dating zaharia without bandage on the lower parts, are characteristic for Asia Minor sarcophagi from the Hadrianic era.
Once the sarcophagus was published by F. Pellegrino and St. Flavian and some others. Darius martyr, who was a soldier. Indeed, this inscription is copied and translated at the end of the fifteenth century by the famous humanist Antonio Constanzo